Automotive Quality Solutions
21670 Red Rum Drive Suite 149, Ashburn
car repair point of interest establishment
Hardcore Hot Rods Classic Car Restoration Mechanic
44225 Mercure Circle Ste 210, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
European Auto Works LLC
44819 Acacia Lane #160, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Fallon Automotive
22585 Markey Court, Sterling
car repair store point of interest
Dulles Auto Body & Paint
44827 Old Ox Road G, Sterling
car repair home goods store store
J & D Auto Services LLC
44827 Old Ox Road f, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Caliber Collision
202 Lane Court Unit A, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Maaco Collision Repair & Auto Painting
21585 Cedar Lane b, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Cascades Auto Body
45660 Woodland Road, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
RJ's Auto Services
101 Executive Drive # G, Sterling
car repair home goods store store
Royal Auto Body
21600 Cedar Lane #106, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Platinum Auto Body Inc
45706 Elmwood Court # 120, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Independent Car Collision Inc.
45700 Woodland Road A, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Craftsman Auto Body Inc
9 Bryant Court # B, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Nalli's Automotive & Autobody
44964 Underwood Lane unit B, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Caliber Collision
9B Bryant Court, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Car Clinic Va
23551 Pebble Run Place #100, Sterling
car repair point of interest establishment
Keystone Automotive - Sterling
23750 Pebble Run Place, Sterling
car repair store point of interest
R&C Auto Repair & Collision Center
45759 Elmwood Court #150, Sterling
car repair home goods store store
Virginia Auto Body Shop - Century Collision Center
23571 Pebble Run Place #180, Sterling
car dealer car repair store

More About Auto Body Services from Wikipedia

A coachbuilder is a manufacturer of bodies for passenger-carrying vehicles.Construction has always been a skilled trade requiring a relatively lightweight product with sufficient strength. The manufacture of necessarily fragile, but satisfactory wheels by a separate trade, a wheelwright, held together by iron or steel tire#History, was always most critical.
The word ''coachbuilder'' is recorded as early as 1794. From about AD 1000, rougher work was carried out by a ''wainwright'', a wagon-builder. Later names are ''cartwright'', a carpenter who makes carts, also (from 1587);''coachwright''; (starting in 1599) ''coachmaker''. Subtrades include ''wheelwright'', ''coachjoiner'', etc. ''Oxford English Dictionary'' 2011
By extension, "coach" also may be used for a passenger car (rail) or railway carriage.

''Custom'' or ''bespoke'' bodies require a rolling chassis to avoid the vast expense of designing and building a suitable Vehicle frame#Unibody or monocoque structure. While the enormous cost of suitable machinery to make steel structures may be avoided by moulding synthetic materials for one-off bodies the high costs of structural design and development remain prohibitively expensive.

As well as true custom or bespoke bodies, coachbuilders also made short runs of more-or-less identical bodies to the order of dealers or the manufacturer of a chassis. The same body design might then be adjusted to suit different brands of chassis. Examples include Tickford' ''Tickford'' bodies with a patent device to raise or lower a convertible's roof, used on their 19th century carriages, or ''Wingham'' convertible bodies by Martin Walter of Folkestone.

''Custom body'' is the standard term in North American English. Coachbuilders are: ''carrossiers'' in French language, ''carrozzeria'' in Italian language, ''Karosseriebauer'' in German language and ''carroceros'' in Spanish language.

''Coach-built'' implies that a body's frame is wooden, but it may not be so. Coachbuilt also describes a recreational vehicle or motorhome that has been purpose-built. A whole new body has been made for a bare chassis, as opposed to a ''conversion'' built inside an existing vehicle body.

Before automobiles

A British trade association the Worshipful Company of Coachmakers and Coach Harness Makers, was incorporated in 1630. Some British coachmaking firms operating in the 20th century were established even earlier. Rippon Bros was active in the time of Queen Elizabeth I, Hooper (coachbuilder) founded in 1710 by an officer in Anne, Queen of Great Britain's Guards, Brewster & Co. a relative newcomer (though oldest in the U.S.), formed in 1810.G.N. Georgano, G. N. ''Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886-1930''. (London: Grange-Universal, 1990), p.206

Early production

In the early motoring days, when series production did not yet exist, the process of acquiring a new vehicle needed two major decisions — selection of a vehicle manufacturer and selection of a coachbuilder. Already accustomed to ordering carriages from a coachbuilder, the buyer would select an automobile manufacturer, which might supply their own catalogued bodies, but who would be expected to provide primarily only a bare "chassis".

This "chassis" would be delivered by the manufacturer to the coachbuilder of the buyer's choice. It would be a rolling chassis, which included the chassis, drivetrain (engine, gearbox, differential, axles, wheels), brakes, suspension, complete steering system, including the wheel, radiator, Bulkhead (partition) and dashboard. The manufacturer delivered the chassis with lighting system, spare wheel(s), but probably without tyres, front and rear mudguards and (later) bumpers. The very easily damaged Radiator (engine cooling)#Radiator construction, later enclosed and protected by a shell, became the main visual element identifying the chassis' brand. The manufacturer retained an element of control over bodies. Bodies not approved by the chassis manufacturer would lose the chassis manufacturer's chassis warranties.

Until World War II it would not have been unusual to order the most popular cars as only a chassis and have a local coachbuilder put a body (passenger or commercial) on it. the Austin 7s of the 1920s and 1930s were favourite subjects.

For mass production, because the long-established and refined skills and tools (such as the English wheel) used to build the wooden and metal bodies of vehicles were so specialized, most automobile manufacturers in the United States contracted with existing coachbuilders to produce bodies. For example, Fisher Body built all of Cadillac (automobile)'s closed bodies in the 1910s and eventually all General Motors mass-produced products.

Ultra luxury vehicles

When popular automobile manufacturers brought body building skills in-house, the practice of bespoke or custom coachbuilding remained in favour among the wealthy, who continued the habit of centuries past. Commonly, larger dealers or distributors of ultra-luxury cars would pre-order stock chassis and the bodies they thought most likely to sell, and stock them in suitable quantities for sale off their showroom floor.

All ultra-luxury vehicles of automobiling's Golden Era before World War II sold as chassis only. For instance, when Duesenberg introduced their Model J, it was offered as chassis only, for $8,500. Other examples include the Bugatti Type 57, Cadillac V-16, Ferrari 250, Isotta Fraschini Tipo 8, and all Rolls-Royce Limiteds produced before World War II. Delahaye had no in-house coachworks, so all its chassis were bodied by independents, who created some of their most attractive designs on the Type 135. Most of the Delahayes were bodied by Chapron, Labourdette, Franay, Saoutchik, Figoni & Falaschi, Pennock (coachbuilder), and many more carrossiers.

The practice remained in limited force after World War II, with both luxury chassis and high-performance sports cars and gran turismos, waning dramatically by the late 1960s. Even Rolls-Royce acquiesced, debuting its first unibody model, the Rolls-Royce Silver Shadow, in 1965, before taking all R-R and Bentley bodying in-house.

Unibody construction

The advent of Vehicle frame#Unibody construction, where the car body is unified with, and structurally integral to the chassis, made custom coachbuilding uneconomic. Many coachbuilders closed down, were bought by manufacturers or changed their core business to other activities:
Transforming into dedicated design or styling houses, subcontracting to automotive brands (e.g. Zagato, Pietro Frua, Gruppo Bertone, Pininfarina)
Transforming into general coachwork series manufacturers, subcontracting to automotive brands (e.g. Karmann, Gruppo Bertone, Vignale, Pininfarina)
Manufacturing runs of special coachworks for trucks, delivery vans, touringcars, ambulances, fire engines, public transport vehicles, etc. (e.g. Pennock, Van Hool, Plaxton, Heuliez)
Becoming technical partner for development of e.g. roof constructions (e.g. Karmann, Heuliez) or producer of various (aftermarket) automotive parts (e.g. Giannini Automobili)

Independent coachbuilders survived for a time after the mid-20th century, making bodies for the chassis produced by low-production companies such as Rolls-Royce (car), Ferrari, and Bentley."Steel Bodies: In an Eggshell", in Ward, Ian, executive editor. ''World of Automobiles'' (London: Orbis Publishing, 1974), p. 2178. Producing body die (manufacturing)s is extremely expensive (a single door die can run to United States dollar40,000), which is usually only considered practical when large numbers are involved—though that was the path taken by Rolls-Royce and Bentley after 1945 for their own in-house production. Because dies for pressing metal panels are so costly, from the mid 20th century, many vehicles, most notably the Chevrolet Corvette, were clothed with large panels of fiberglass reinforced resin, which only require inexpensive molds. Glass has since been replaced by more sophisticated materials, if necessary hand-formed. Generally these replace metal only where weight is of paramount importance.


Examples of custom coachwork on rolling chassis, and unibody modifications:

File:Lancia Belna Cabriolet 1935 Pourtout.jpg drophead coupé on a Lancia Augusta chassis 1935
File:Alfa Romeo 1900 SS Ghia.jpg 1954 on an Alfa Romeo 1900 SS chassis
File:Coys vintage car 501593 fh000035.jpg 2-seater body 1952 on an Alfa Romeo 6C 2300B chassis
File:VW Hebmüller-Cabriolet bicolor vl TCE.jpg-cabriolet on a unibody VW chassis

List of coachbuilders


Vanden Plas
*Van Hool

Czech Republic



Binder (coachbuilder)
Fernandel & Darren
Figoni et Falaschi
Gangloff (coachbuilder)
Guilloré (coachbuilder)
Hibbard & Darrin (formed by Americans)
Kellner (coachbuilder)
Letourneur et Marchand
Carrosserie Vanvooren
*Jean Barou ([ 1949 Talbot-Lago T26 Grand Sport Coupe])


Erdmann & Rossi
Neuss (coachbuilder)


Carrozzeria Allemano
Alessio (coachbuilder) (of Turin, responsible for the FIAT#History FIATs built),G.N. Georgano, p.24 cap.
Gruppo Bertone
Carrozzeria Boneschi
Carrozzeria Castagna
Carrozzeria Fissore
Pietro Frua
Carrozzeria Marazzi
Neri & Bonacini, creators of the "Nembo" Ferrari specials and the Lamborghini 400GT Monza
Carrozzeria Scaglietti
Carrozzeria Touring


*DC Design



The Netherlands

Pennock (coachbuilder)
Van Rijswijk
*Veth & Zn.


Ramsauer & Cie (coachbuilder), also known as Worblaufen after Worblaufen.
*Worblaufen (coachbuilder)

United Kingdom

Abbey (coachbuilder)
E. D. Abbott Ltd
Barker (coachbuilder)
Carlton Carriage Company
Charlesworth Bodies
Corsica Coachworks
John Croall & Sons Edinburgh
Cunard (coachbuilder)
Gordon England (coachbuilder)
Freestone and Webb
J Gurney Nutting & Co Limited
Thomas Harrington Ltd
Hooper (coachbuilder)
Jarvis of Wimbledon
Jensen Motors
Chalmer & Hoyer
*Lancefield Coachworks

  • Martin Walter of Folkestone
    Arthur Mulliner
    H. J. Mulliner & Co.
    Mulliner Park Ward
    Mulliners (Birmingham)
    Park Ward
    Harold Radford
    Salmons and Son
    Swallow Sidecar Company
    Tilbury (coachbuilder), originators of the Tilbury (carriage).
    Thrupp & Maberly
    Vanden Plas
    William Vincent Ltd. (coachbuilders)
    Windover (coachbuilder)
    Abbey (coachbuilder)
    Walter Alexander & Sons (Falkirk). Now Alexander Dennis Ltd
    *James Young (coachbuilder)

United States

Brewster & Co.
Brunn & Company (automobile)
Budd Company
Derham Body Company
Harley Earl
Fisher Body
Fleetwood Metal Body
KEM Motorworks
LeBaron Incorporated
Locke (coachbuilder)
N2A motors Inc. a Langmesser Co. (coachbuilder since 2007)
Walter M. Murphy, Coachbuilders
Willoughby (coachbuilder).G.N. Georgano.
*SSZ Motorcars

=Survivors of the unibody production-line system
Coway [ Coway web site]
[ Webmagazine about Coachbuilders from past to present]
[ Encyclopedia of American Coachbuilders]
[ Goldarths: The Fine Art of Coachbuilding]
[ ''The Kellner Affair: Matters of Life and Death''] by Peter M. Larsen and Ben Erickson. Details Jacques Kellner and George Paulin involvement in the French Resistance.

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