A plumber is a tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage and drainage in plumbing systems. The term dates from ancient times and is related to the Latin word for lead, "plumbum".
[Whitney, William D., ed.. "Trade." Def, 7. ''The Century Dictionary: An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language'' vol. 8. New York. The Century Co. 1895. 6,415. Print.] [[http://milmi.org/Portals/137/publications/Employment_Occupations_Skilled_Trades_Michigan.pdf Employment and Occupations in the Skilled Trades in Michigan], Michigan Department of Technology, Management, and Budget, Bureau of Labor Market Information and Strategic Initiatives (June 2013).]
The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire
[Pulsifer, William H. [https://archive.org/details/notesforhistoryo00pulsrich Notes For a History of Lead], New York University Press, 1888 pp. 132, 158]
is '' Thus a person with expertise in working with lead was first known as a ''Plumbarius'' which was later shortened to plumber.
Years of training and/or experience are needed to become a skilled plumber; some jurisdictions also require that plumbers be licensed.
Some needed skills, interests, and values.
Protecting health and welfare of the nation is the top priority of a plumber along with,
- Reading drawings, and specifications to determine layout of water supply, waste, and venting systems
- Detecting faults in plumbing appliances and systems, and correctly diagnosing their causes
- Installing, repairing and maintaining domestic, commercial, and industrial Plumbing fixture and systems
- Locating and marking positions for Pipe (fluid conveyance) connections, passage holes, and fixtures in walls and floors
- Measuring, cutting, bending, and threading pipes using hand and power tools or machines
- Joining pipes and fittings together using soldering techniques, Compression fitting, Threaded pipe, and push-on fittings.
- Testing pipes for leaks using air and water pressure gauges
- Awareness of legal regulations and Construction site safety
- Ensuring safety standards and Building code are met.
Hydronics heating system installation and maintenance.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Compliance
Drinking water Systems
Plumbing code Compliance
- Acid Waste
Grease trap interceptors (install)
- Chill Water
Backflow prevention device
- New Construction
Urinal (waterless and standard)
Sloan Valve Company
- Toilet Chair Carriers
- Floor Clean Outs
- Combination waste & Vent
- Floor Sinks
Operate a Plumber's snake to unclog sanitary sewers & drains.
Perform a Pipeline video inspection of a sanitary sewer or drain.
*Replace Sump pump & Install Sump Pit Basins.
Each state and locality may have its own licensing and taxing schemes for plumbers. There is no federal law establishing licenses for plumbers.
In Canada, licensing requirements differ by province, however the provinces have pooled resources to develop an Interprovincial Program Guide that developed and maintains apprenticeship training standards across all provinces. The result is what is known as the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program.
National Vocational Qualifications (NVQ) remained the main form of plumbing qualification until they were superseded in 2008 by the Qualification and Credit Framework (QCF)
and then again into the National qualifications frameworks in the United Kingdom in 2015. The terms NVQ and SVQ (Scottish Vocational Qualification) are still widely used .
Plumbers in Australia have licensing requirements that differ from state to state but it is generally accepted a 4-year apprenticeship with a further minimum experience of 2 years (6 years total) and a further curricular requirement as a benchmark for licensing. Licensed plumbers are also expected to maintain minimum relevant training requirements to maintain their plumbing license
Type of Danger
There are many types of dangers to a plumber. Some of them are strains and sprains, cuts and lacerations, bruises and contusions, fractures, burns and scalds, foreign bodies in the eye, and hernias.
[[https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/files/docs/publications/bls/bls_1079_1952.pdf "Injuries and Accident Causes in Plumbing Operations" United States Department of Labor. 1949]]
Ditch collapse and Holes
On a construction site there are many dangers. Without protective measures, a ditch can collapse on a plumber who is at the bottom of one.
[[https://consumer.healthday.com/encyclopedia/work-and-health-41/occupational-health-news-507/plumbers-pipe-dreams-646645.html "Plumber Mike Tehle could handle everything from clogged-up pipes to deep sewer lines. But he never planned on being buried alive."]]
A plumber can also fall down a hole.
[[https://www.pressreader.com/canada/montreal-gazette/20100423/281668251179319 "Blue Collar's Death Probed"]]
Acids and Bases
When a person has a blockage in their sewage system they often try to fix it themselves by adding an acid or a base such as Drano
in an attempt to dissolve or dislodge the problem. These chemicals can get into the plumbers eyes
[[https://www.webmd.com/eye-health/chemical-eye-burns#1 "Chemical Eye Burns"]]
when the sewage is splashed during the repair. The plumbers skin during the repair does come into contact with the sewage water.
[[http://www.constructionenquirer.com/2011/03/03/plumber-in-sulphuric-acid-burn-horror/ "Plumber in sulphuric acid burn horror" ]]
The owner of the toilet might not report to the plumber they have already tried Drano
a highly caustic base .
Infectious disease risks associated with occupational exposure
Plumbers risk infections
[[https://oem.bmj.com/content/69/2/140 "Infectious disease risks associated with occupational exposure: a systematic review of the literature" ]]
when dealing with human waste when repairing sewage systems. Microbes can be excreted in the feces
of the sufferer onto the toilet or sewage pipes. Human waste can contain infectious diseases such as cholera
, and schistosomiasis
The term "White House Plumbers
" was a popular name given to the covert White House Special Investigations Unit established on July 24, 1971 during the presidency of Richard Nixon
. Their job was to plug intelligence "News leak
" in the U.S. Government relating to the Vietnam War
(i.e. the Pentagon Papers
); hence the term "plumbers".
John Braden (politician)
John Calley (engineer)
Don Cameron (Victorian politician)
Martin Patrick Durkin
Albert Einstein was made an honorary member of the Plumbers and Steamfitters Union
Philip Haas (Inventor)
Mike O'Mara (politician)
Shawn Nelson (plumber)
Joe the Plumber – During the 2008 US presidential election campaign, Samuel Joe Wurzelbacher questioned Barack Obama's proposed tax plan. The Republican Party (United States) John McCain presidential campaign, 2008 later applied "Joe the Plumber" as a metaphor for American middle class.