The Smartest Choice for Veterinarian Service Listings


When you need to find the best Veterinarian, Veterinary Service or Emergency Pet Hospital choose GoVeterinarians.com. GoVeterinarians has the most listings, the most honest reviews and best of all it's completely free.
Animal Medical Centers of Loudoun
43330 Junction Plaza #172, Ashburn
veterinary care health point of interest
Ashburn Veterinary Hospital
20893 Stubble Rd, Ashburn
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Fancy Paws Cat Clinic
20608 Gordon Park Square, Ashburn
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Wholistic Paws Veterinary Services
20600 Gordon Park Square Suite 170, Ashburn
veterinary care health point of interest
Stream Valley Veterinary Hospital
42902 Waxpool Rd, Ashburn
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Caring Hands Animal Hospital
43300 Southern Walk Plaza #124, Ashburn
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Ashburn Village Animal Hospital
44110 Ashburn Shopping Plaza, Ashburn
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Loudoun Valley Animal Hospital
22556 Amendola Terrace Suite 120, Ashburn
veterinary care point of interest establishment
EZ Vet Veterinary Clinic
20020 Ashbrook Commons Plaza, Ashburn
pet store veterinary care store
Chesapeake Veterinary Cardiology
19465 Deerfield Ave, Leesburg
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Lansdowne Animal Hospital
19393 Promenade Dr, Leesburg
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Animal Medical Centers of Loudoun
42385 Ryan Rd #112, Ashburn
veterinary care health point of interest
Banfield Pet Hospital
1614 Village Market Boulevard Southeast Ste105, Leesburg
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Loudoun Cat Care
2 Cardinal Park Dr SE #102C, Leesburg
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Banfield Pet Hospital
46220 Potomac Run Plaza, Sterling
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Old Mill Veterinary Hospital
91 Lawson Rd SE, Leesburg
veterinary care point of interest establishment
CVCA Leesburg
165 Fort Evans Rd NE, Leesburg
veterinary care doctor health
Veterinary Surgical Centers - Leesburg
165 Fort Evans Rd NE, Leesburg
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Veterinary Surgical Centers Rehabilitation (VSCR) - Leesburg
134 Fort Evans Rd NE, Leesburg
veterinary care point of interest establishment
Rice Len DVM
64 Plaza St NE, Leesburg
veterinary care point of interest establishment

More About Veterinarians Services from Wikipedia

For the Best Local Veterinary Listings Checkout https://GoVeterinarians.com

or Call a GoVeterinarians agent and have them match you with a local veterinarian for free! 1(844)299-0782

A veterinary physician, usually called a vet, which is shortened from veterinarian (American English) or veterinary surgeon (British English), is a professional who practices veterinary medicine by treating diseases, disorders, and injuries in animals.


In many countries, the local nomenclature for a veterinarian is a regulated and protected term, meaning that members of the public without the prerequisite qualifications and/or licensure are not able to use the title. In many cases, the activities that may be undertaken by a veterinarian (such as treatment of illness or surgery in animals) are restricted only to those professionals who are registered as a veterinarian. For instance, in the United Kingdom, as in other jurisdictions, animal treatment may only be performed by registered veterinary physicians (with a few designated exceptions, such as paraveterinary workers), and it is illegal for any person who is not registered to call themselves a veterinarian or prescribe any treatment.

Most veterinary physicians work in clinical settings, treating animals directly. These veterinarians may be involved in a general practice, treating animals of all types; they may be specialized in a specific group of animals such as pet, livestock, zoological medicine or equines; or may specialize in a narrow medical discipline such as veterinary surgery, dermatology or internal medicine . As with other healthcare professionals, veterinarians face ethical decisions about the care of their patients. Current debates within the profession include the ethics of certain procedures believed to be purely cosmetic or unnecessary for behavioral issues, such as Onychectomy of cats, docking (dog), cropping (animal) and Devocalization on dogs.

Etymology and nomenclature

The word veterinary comes from the Latin
Ancient Indian sage and veterinary physician Shalihotra (mythological estimate c. 2350 BCE), the son of a Brahmin sage, Hayagosha, is considered the founder of veterinary sciences
The first veterinary college was founded in Lyon, France in 1762 by Claude Bourgelat.Marc Mammerickx, ''Claude Bourgelat: avocat des vétérinaires'', Bruxelles 1971. According to Lupton, after observing the devastation being caused by cattle plague to the French herds, Bourgelat devoted his time to seeking out a remedy. This resulted in his founding a veterinary college in Lyon in 1761, from which establishment he dispatched students to combat the disease; in a short time, the plague was stayed and the health of stock restored, through the assistance rendered to agriculture by veterinary science and art.J.L.Lupton, "Modern Practical Farriery", 1879, in the section: "The Diseases of Cattle Sheep and Pigs" pp. 1

The Odiham Agricultural Society was founded in 1783 in England to promote agriculture and industry, and played an important role in the foundation of the veterinary profession in Britain.

Roles and responsibilities

Veterinarians treat disease, disorder or injury in animals, which includes diagnose, treatment and aftercare. The scope of practice, specialty and experience of the individual veterinarian will dictate exactly what interventions they perform, but most will perform surgery (of differing complexity).

Unlike in human medicine, veterinarians must rely primarily on clinical signs, as animals are unable to vocalize symptoms as a human would. In some cases, owners may be able to provide a medical history and the veterinarian can combine this information along with observations, and the results of pertinent diagnostic tests such as radiography, X-ray computed tomography, Magnetic resonance imaging, blood tests, urinalysis and others.

Veterinarians must consider the appropriateness of animal euthanasia ("putting to sleep") if a condition is likely to leave the animal in pain or with a poor quality of life, or if treatment of a condition is likely to cause more harm to the patient than good, or if the patient is unlikely to survive any treatment regimen. Additionally, there are scenarios where euthanasia is considered due to the constrains of the client's finances.

As with human medicine, much veterinary work is concerned with preventive healthcare, in order to prevent problems occurring in the future. Common interventions include vaccination against common animal illnesses, such as canine distemper or rabies, and dental prophylaxis to prevent or inhibit dental disease. This may also involve owner education so as to avoid future medical or behavioral issues.

Additionally veterinarians have important roles in public health and the prevention of zoonoses.


The majority of veterinarians are employed in private practice treating animals (75% of vets in the United States, according to the American Veterinary Medical Association).
Veterinarians and their practices may be specialized in certain areas of veterinary medicine. Areas of focus include:

  • Exotic animal veterinarian - Generally considered to include reptiles, exotic birds such as parrots and cockatoos, and small mammals such as ferrets, rabbits, chinchillas, and common degus.

  • Conservation medicine - The study of the relationship between animal and human health and environmental information.

  • Small animal practice - Usually dogs, cats, and other companion animals/household pets such as hamsters and gerbils. Some practices are canine-only or feline-only practices.

  • Laboratory animal practice - Some veterinarians work in a university or industrial laboratory and are responsible for the care and treatment of laboratory animals of any species (often involving bovines, porcine species, felines, canines, rodents, and even exotic animals). Their responsibility is not only for the health and well being of the animals, but also for enforcing humane and ethical treatment of the animals in the facility.

  • Large animal practice - Usually referring to veterinarians that work with, variously, livestock and other large farm animals, as well as Equus (genus) and large reptiles.

  • Equine medicine - Some veterinarians are specialists in equine medicine. Horses are different in anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and animal husbandry to other domestic species. Specialization in equine veterinary practice is something that is normally developed after qualification, even if students do have some interest before graduation.

  • Food animal medicine - Some veterinarians deal exclusively or primarily with animals raised for food (such as meat, milk, and Egg (food)). Livestock practitioners may deal with Domestic sheep (sheep), Bovinae (cattle) and Suidae (Pig) species; such veterinarians deal with management of herds, nutrition, reproduction, and minor field surgery. Dairy medicine practice focuses on dairy animals. Poultry medicine practice focuses on the health of flocks of poultry; the field often involves extensive training in pathology, epidemiology, and nutrition of birds. The veterinarian treats the flock and not the individual animals.

  • Food safety practice - Veterinarians are employed by both the food industry and government agency to advise on and monitor the handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent foodborne illness.

  • Zoological medicine - A relatively recent branch of veterinary medicine, focusing on wildlife. Wildlife medicine veterinarians may work with Zoology and conservation medicine practitioners and may also be called out to treat marine species such as sea otters, dolphins, or whales after a natural disaster or oil spill.

  • Aquatic medicine - mostly refers to veterinary care of fish in aquaculture (like salmon, cod, among other species), but can also include care of aquatic mammals. For certain countries with high economic income from aquaculture, this is an important part of the veterinary field (like Norway, Chile). Other countries (particularly those who are landlocked), might have little or no emphasis on aquatic medicine.

  • Dentistry - Many practices are incorporating dentistry into their daily medical services. Most canine dental cleanings range from $500-$1,000 with extractions and oral surgeries in the $2,000 to $4,000 range. Oral radiographs can cost the patient from $200-$400. Veterinary dentistry can extend the life of the patient by preventing oral disease and keeping the teeth & gums of the patient in healthy condition. Although the procedures and anesthesia can be pricey most veterinarians are starting to train in veterinary dentistry.

Veterinary specialties

These increased values exceed those of public practice including uniformed services and government.Burns, Katie. "AVMA Survey Measures Income Trends to 2007." AVMA Journals (1 January 2009): Javma News. American Veterinary Medical Association. 2 Mar. 2009 <>. In Australia, the profession wide average income was $67,000 in 2011 and this has declined compared to other professions for the past 30 years whilst graduate unemployment has doubled between 2006 and 2011.White, Tim. "How we make ends meet: economic sustainability of the veterinary profession" Australian Veterinary Journal (April 2012). 18 Apr. 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1751-0813.2012.news_v90_i4.x/abstract.

The financial rewards for veterinary specialists proved impressive in a 2015 compensation survey sent to veterinarians in the US. Ophthalmologists and radiologists could earned more than $345,468 per year. Pathologists earned more than $267,000 per year, and veterinary surgeons earned more than $250,061 per year, and lab animal medicine specialists could earn more than $246,000 per year. Veterinary dermatologists responded to the survey with a median salary of $224,640 and anesthesiologists with $405,200.

Education and regulation

In order to practice, vets must complete both an appropriate academic degree in veterinary medicine, and in most cases must be registered with the relevant governing body for their jurisdiction.

Veterinary science degrees

Degrees in veterinary medicine culminate in the award of a veterinary science degree, although the title varies by region. For instance, in North America, graduates will receive a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (Doctor of Veterinary Medicine or Veterinariae Medicinae Doctoris; DVM or VMD), whereas in the United Kingdom or India they would be awarded a Bachelor of Veterinary Science (BVS, BVSc, BVetMed or BVMS), and in Ireland graduates receive a Medicinae Veterinariae Baccalaureus (MVB). In continental Europe, the degree of Doctor Medicinae Veterinariae (DMV, DrMedVet, Dr. med. vet., MVDr.) or Doctor Veterinariae Medicinae (DVM, DrVetMed, Dr. vet. med.) is granted.

The award of a bachelor's degree was previously commonplace in the United States, but the degree name and academic standards were upgraded to match the 'doctor' title used by graduates.

Comparatively few universities have veterinary schools that offer degrees which are accredited to qualify the graduates as registered vets. For example, there are 30 in the United States, 5 in Canada, and 8 in the United Kingdom (3 of which offer degrees accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA)).>

In the United States, approximately 80% of admitted students are female. In the early history of veterinary medicine of the United States, most veterinarians were males. However, in the 1990s this ratio reached parity, and now it has been reversed.

Preveterinary courses should emphasize the sciences. Most veterinary schools typically require applicants to have taken one year equivalent classes in organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physics, biology; and one semester of vertebrate embryology and biochemistry. Usually, the minimal mathematics requirement is college level calculus. Individual schools might require introduction to animal science, livestock judging, animal nutrition, cell biology, and genetics. However, due the limited availability of these courses, many schools have removed these requirements to widen the pool of possible applicants.

= List of AVMA Accredited Veterinary Colleges
class="wikitable sortable"

! School !! State/Province/City !! Country !! Year Founded-Auburn UniversityAlabamaUnited States1907
Tuskegee University (probationary, 2013)AlabamaUnited States1945
Midwestern University (provisional, 2013)ArizonaUnited States2012
University of California, DavisCaliforniaUnited States1946
Western University of Health Sciences (minor deficiency, 2012)CaliforniaUnited States1998
Université de MontréalQuebecCanada1866
University of CalgaryAlbertaCanada2008
University of GuelphOntarioCanada1866
University of Prince Edward IslandPrince Edward IslandCanada1986
University of SaskatchewanSaskatchewanCanada1969
Colorado State UniversityColoradoUnited States1907
University of FloridaFloridaUnited States1976
Deakin UniversityVictoriaAustralia
Murdoch UniversityWesternAustralia
University of MelbourneVictoriaAustralia
University of SydneyNew South WalesAustralia
University of QueenslandQueenslandAustralia
James Cook UniversityQueenslandAustralia
University of LondonLondonEngland
VetAgro SupMarcy l'EtoileFrance
University College DublinDublinIreland
Universidad Nacional Autonoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico1916
Massey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand1962
The University of EdinburghEdinburghScotland1823
University of GlasgowGlasgowScotland1862
Utrecht University (minor deficiency, 2014)UtrechtThe Netherlands1821
Ross University School of Veterinary MedicineRoss UniversitySaint KittsCaribbean1982
St. George's University (minor deficiency, 2011)GrenadaCaribbean1999
University of GeorgiaGeorgiaUnited States1946
University of Illinois at Urbana–ChampaignIllinoisUnited States1948
Purdue UniversityIndianaUnited States1959
Iowa State UniversityIowaUnited States1879
Kansas State UniversityKansasUnited States1905
Louisiana State UniversityLouisianaUnited States1968
Tufts UniversityMassachusettsUnited States1978
Michigan State UniversityMichiganUnited States1910
University of Minnesota (minor deficiency, 2014)MinnesotaUnited States1947
Mississippi State UniversityMississippiUnited States1977
University of Missouri-ColumbiaMissouriUnited States1946
Cornell UniversityNew YorkUnited States1894
North Carolina State UniversityNorth CarolinaUnited States1978
The Ohio State UniversityOhioUnited States1885
Oklahoma State UniversityOklahomaUnited States1948
Oregon State UniversityOregonUnited States1979
University of PennsylvaniaPennsylvaniaUnited States1884
University of TennesseeTennesseeUnited States1976
Lincoln Memorial University (provisional, 2015)TennesseeUnited States2012
Texas A&M UniversityTexasUnited States1916
Virginia–Maryland College of Veterinary MedicineVirginia/MarylandUnited States1978
Washington State University (minor deficiency, 2010)WashingtonUnited States1899
University of Wisconsin-MadisonWisconsinUnited States1979

Registration and licensing

Following academic education, most countries require a vet to be registered with the relevant governing body, and to maintain this license to practice.

Dependent on where the vet practices (or wishes to practice), they may have to complete an examination or test in order to complete this registration. For instance, in the United States, a prospective vet must receive a passing grade on a national board examination, the North America Veterinary Licensing Exam. This exam must be completed over the course of eight hours, and consists of 360 multiple-choice questions, covering all aspects of veterinary medicine, as well as visual material designed to test diagnostic skills.

Postgraduate study

The percentage electing to undertake further study following registration in the United States has increased from 36.8% to 39.9% in 2008. About 25% of those or about 9% of graduates were accepted into traditional academic internships. (2008 -696 graduates accepted a position in advanced study, 89.2% (621) accepted an internship (private practice, 74.5%; academic, 25.3%; and other internship, 0.2%). An additional 6.0% (42) accepted a residency). Approximately 9% of veterinarians eventually board certify in one of 40 distinct specialties from 22 specialty organizations recognized by the AVMA American Board of Veterinary Specialties (ABVS).

Anesthesiology and Analgesia
Animal Welfare
Avian Practice


Beef Cattle Practice


Canine and Feline Practice
Canine Practice


Critical Care
Dairy Practice




Radiation Oncology
Reproductive Medicine


Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation
Swine Health Management


Zoological Medicine


Curriculum comparison with human medicine

The first two-year curriculum in both veterinary and human medical schools are very similar in the course names, but at certain subjects relatively different in content. Generally, the more basal the field of science is (for example: biochemistry, biophysics, cell biology etc.), the more similar it is. Later on when the courses get more clinically oriented, more significant differences arise. Where some things are completely different, and other things are about the same. Considering the courses, the first two-year curriculum usually include biochemistry, physiology, histology, anatomy, pharmacology, microbiology, epidemiology, pathology and hematology.

Some veterinary school uses the same biochemistry, histology, and microbiology books as human medicine students; however, the course content is greatly supplemented to include the varied animal diseases and species specific differences. Many veterinarians were trained in pharmacology using the same text books as human physicians. As the specialty of veterinary pharmacology develop, more schools are using pharmacology textbooks written specifically for veterinarians. Veterinary physiology, anatomy, and histology is complex, as physiology often varies among species. Microbiology and virology of animals share the same foundation as human microbiology, but with grossly different disease manifestation and presentations. Epidemiology is focused on herd health and prevention of herd borne diseases, and foreign animal diseases. Pathology, like microbiology and histology, is very diverse and encompasses many species and organ systems. Most veterinary school have courses in small animal and also large animal nutrition, often taken as electives in the clinical years or as part of the core curriculum in the first two years.

The last two year curriculum of the two fields are similar only in their clinical emphasis. A veterinary student must be well prepared to be a fully functional animal physician on the day of graduation, competent in both surgery and medicine. The graduating veterinarian must be able to pass medical board examination and be prepare to enter clinical practice on the day of graduation, while most human medical doctors in the United States complete 3 to 5 years of post-doctoral residency before practicing medicine independently, usually in a very narrow and focused specialty. Many veterinarians do also complete a post-doctoral residency, but it is not nearly as common as it is in human medicine.

In the last years, curricula in both human and veterinary medicine have been adapted with the aim of incorporating competency-based teachingBurger, C., Pirker, M., Bergsmann E. M., & Winter, P. (2015). Qualitätsmanagement in der kompetenzorientierten Lehre: Theorie und Praxis an der Veterinärmedizinischen Universität Wien [Quality management in competence-oriented teaching: Theory and practice at the Vetmeduni Vienna]. In O. Vettori, G. Salmhofer, L. Mitterauer & K. Ledermüller (Eds.), Eine Frage der Wirksamkeit? Qualitätsmanagement als Impulsgeber für Veränderungen an Hochschulen. Reihe 6: Qualität - Evaluation - Akkreditierung [A question of effectiveness? Quality management as innovation generator for changes at universities. Series 6: quality - evaluation - accreditation] (pp. 145-160). Bielefeld, Germany: UniversitätsVerlagWebler. ()

Impact on human medicine

Some veterinarians pursue post-graduate training and enter research careers and have contributed to advances in many human and veterinary medical fields, including pharmacology and epidemiology. Research veterinarians were the first to isolate oncoviruses, ''Salmonella'' species, ''Brucella'' species, and various other pathogenic agents. Veterinarians were in the forefront in the effort to suppress malaria and yellow fever in the United States. Veterinarians identified the botulism disease-causing agent, produced an anticoagulant used to treat human heart disease, and developed surgery techniques for humans, such as hip replacement, Limb (anatomy) and organ (anatomy) Organ transplants.

In popular culture

Reality televisions shows featuring veterinarians include:
E-Vet Interns (1998–2002), a US show filmed at Alameda East Veterinary Hospital in Denver, Colorado
Emergency Vets, filmed at Alameda East Veterinary Hospital in Denver, Colorado
Rookie Vets (2005), featuring students at Massey University in New Zealand
Vet School Confidential (2001), following students at Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine in the US
*Vets in Practice (1997–2002), a British series

Fictional works featuring a veterinarian as the main protagonist include:
James Herriot's James Herriot#Books containing fictionalized stories of his career as a farm animal veterinarian in England, which was adapted as the BBC television series ''All Creatures Great and Small (TV series)''.
''The Three Lives of Thomasina'' about Andrew MacDhui, a veterinarian in a village in Scotland.

  • The Doctor Dolittle series of children's books, which have twice been adapted into movies, Doctor Dolittle (film) (1967), and Dr. Dolittle (film) (1998).
    *The movie ''Beethoven (film)'', featuring the evil veterinarian Dr. Herman Varnick.

Veterinary malpractice


Concerns about the role of veterinary physicians in helping health threats survive and spread have been raised by several commentators, particularly with respect to pedigree dogs. Koharik Arman (2007) reached the following conclusion for example: "Veterinarians also bear some responsibility for the welfare situation of purebred dogs. In fact, the veterinary profession has facilitated the evolution of purebred dogs. 'Breeds' that would not normally be sustainable are propagated by the compliance of veterinarians to breeder wishes."

Further reading

  • Freyberger, P. (2009). ''Vetting: The Making of a Veterinarian''. PJF Publishing.

  • Herriot, J. (2004). ''All Creatures Great and Small''. St. Martin's Griffin.

External links

Please be cautious adding more external links.

Wikipedia is not a collection of links and should not be used for advertising.

 Excessive or inappropriate links will be removed.

See Wikipedia:External links and Wikipedia:Spam for details.

If there are already suitable links, propose additions or replacements on
the article's talk page, or submit your link to the relevant category at
DMOZ (dmoz.org) and link there using

Learn more about Veterinarians Services: